MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GURANTEE ACT
Implemented by the Rural Management and Development Department, Government of Sikkim, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is the national flagship programme that directly touches lives of the poor and promotes inclusive growth. The Act aims at enhancing livelihood security of households in rural areas of the country by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
The Act came into force on February 2, 2006 and was implemented in a phased manner. In Phase I it was introduced in North District. It was implemented in East and South Districts in Phase II during 2007-2008. The Act was notified in West District from April 1, 2008 in Phase III.
MGNREGA is the first ever law internationally, that guarantees wage employment at an unprecedented scale. The primary objective of the Act is augmenting wage employment. Its auxiliary objective is strengthening natural resource management through works that address causes of chronic poverty like drought, deforestation and soil erosion and so encourage sustainable development. The process outcomes include strengthening grassroot processes of democracy and infusing transparency and accountability in governance.
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